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Maison de l'Orient et de la Méditerranée Jean Pouilloux

Fédération de recherche sur les sociétés anciennes

     

The Iranian Plateau during the Bronze Age

55,00€

The Iranian Plateau during the Bronze Age
Development of urbanisation, production and trade

Résumé

L’ouvrage rassemble une partie des contributions présentées lors du colloque « Urbanisation, commerce, subsistance et production au IIIe millénaire avant J.-C. sur le Plateau iranien » qui s’est tenu à la Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée à Lyon les 29 et 30 avril 2014. Les vingt articles réunis livrent un état récent de la recherche archéologique dans cette région du Moyen‑Orient pour l’âge du Bronze. Le développement socio-économique entre le mode de vie rural et la formation des villes et des états soulève de nombreuses interrogations sur le processus de l’urbanisation. Quel est l’impact des relations culturelles entre le Plateau iranien et les régions adjacentes (Mésopotamie, Sud-Caucase, Asie centrale, vallée de l’Indus) ? Quel est le contexte global de l’âge du Bronze sur le Plateau Iranien ? Comment s’opère l’expansion de la culture Kuro-Araxe à partir du Caucase ? Comment le royaume élamite se met en place ? Quel est l’apport des fouilles et travaux récents dans l’Est iranien ? Quelle est l’influence de la vallée de l’Indus, un centre d’urbanisation important en Asie ? Comment se manifestent les singularités du monde iranien ? 

Alors que la thématique de l’urbanisation en Mésopotamie a été très débattue ces dernières décennies, cette question est abordée depuis peu pour le Plateau iranien. Le présent volume émane d’une communauté internationale d’archéologues d’institutions iraniennes, européennes et américaines, spécialistes reconnus de l’archéologie iranienne de l’âge du Bronze. Il dresse un panorama de l’état des recherches qui se nourrit amplement des travaux de terrain en cours. L’ouvrage rend compte de la dynamique actuelle de la recherche archéologique en Iran, riche de nouveaux questionnements et de nouvelles perspectives, et constitue un apport original à la réflexion sur l’émergence des villes au Moyen-Orient.


The book compiles a portion of the contributions presented during the symposium “Urbanisation, commerce, subsistence and production during the third millennium BC on the Iranian Plateau”, which took place at the Maison de l’Orient et de la Méditerranée in Lyon, the 29-30 of April, 2014. The twenty papers assembled provide an overview of the recent archaeological research on this region of the Middle East during the Bronze Age. The socio-economic transformation from rural villages to towns and nations has prompted many questions into this evolution of urbanisation. What was the impact of interactions between cultures in the Iranian Plateau and the surrounding regions (Mesopotamia, the South Caucasus, Central Asia, Indus Valley)? What was the overall context during the Bronze Age on the Iranian Plateau? What was the extent and means of the expansion of the Kuro-Araxe culture? How did the Elamite Kingdom become established? What new knowledge has been contributed by the recent excavations and studies undertaken in the east of Iran? What was the influence of the Indus Valley culture, known as an epicentre of urbanisation in South Asia? What are the unique characteristics of the ancient cultures in Iran?

While the urbanisation of early Mesopotamia has been the subject of much debate for several decades, this topic has only recently been raised in respect to the Iranian Plateau. This volume is the product of an international community from Iranian, European, and American institutions, consisting of recognised specialists in the archaeology of the Iranian Bronze Age. It provides an overview of the latest research, including abundant results from current on-going excavations. The current state of archaeological research in Iran, comprising many dynamic questions and perspectives, is presented here in the form of original contributions on the first emergence of towns in the Near and Middle East.

Sommaire

Emmanuelle Vila, Marjan Mashkour, Régis Vallet, Michèle Casanova,
Jan-Waalke Meyer
Preface 

The global context of the Bronze Age on the Iranian Plateau

Jan-Waalke Meyer
Early urbanisation in Iran. A view from the west – some considerations about the theory of urbanisation 

Expansion of the Kura-Araxes culture in Iran

Giulio Palumbi
The expansion of the Kura‑Araxes culture in Iran: what role for the Uruk? 

Sepideh Maziar
Iran and the Kura-Araxes cultural tradition, so near and yet so far 

Alexia Decaix, Fatemeh Azadeh Mohaseb, Sepideh Maziar, Marjan Mashkour, Margareta Tengberg
Subsistence economy in Kohneh Pasgah Tepesi (eastern Azerbaijan, Iran) during the Late Chalcolithic and the Early Bronze Age based on the faunal and botanical remains 

Alexia Decaix, Rémi Berthon, Fatemeh Azadeh Mohaseb, Margareta Tengberg
Toward a definition of the Kura-Araxes agropastoral systems 

Elamite Kingdom

Alain Le Brun
Susa at the turn of the 4th and 3rd millennia 

Ali Zalaghi
An overview of the settlement patterns of Susa III period in the Upper Khuzestan. Archaeological survey in the western bank of the Karkheh river 

Alireza Sardari, Samira Attarpour
From the Proto-Elamite to Shimashki: the third millennium BC at Tappeh Senjar, the Susiana Plain 

Elnaz Rashidian
In search of cities in Elam. For a geoarchaeological approach to the toponym-hydronym interaction 

Urbanisation in eastern Iran

Julie Bessenay-Prolonge, Régis Vallet
Tureng Tepe and its high terrace, a reassessment 

Ali A. Vahdati, Raffaele Biscione, Riccardo La Farina, Marjan Mashkour, Margareta Tengberg, Homa Fathi, Fatemeh Azadeh Mohaseb
Preliminary report on the first season of excavations at Tepe Chalow. New GKC (BMAC) finds in the plain of Jajarm, NE Iran 

Nasir Eskandari
Regional patterns of Early Bronze Age urbanization in the southeastern Iran. New discoveries on the western fringe of Dasht‑e Lut 

David M.P. Meier
A pyrotechnological installation from the “metallurgical workshop” at Shahdad and its next geographical and chronological comparisons 

Production and trade

Mina Dabbagh
The contribution of women to trade and production in Elam society 

Henri-Paul Francfort
Iran and Central Asia. The Grand’Route of Khorasan (Great Khorasan Road) during the third millennium BC and the “dark stone” artefacts 

Holly Pittman
Bronze Age interaction on the Iranian Plateau. From Kerman to the Oxus through seals 

Sedigheh Piran
Prestige objects in South East of Iran during the Bronze Age in the National Museum of Iran 

Michèle Casanova
Exchanges and trade during the Bronze Age in Iran 

Babak Rafiei-Alavi
The biography of a dagger type. The diachronic transformation of the daggers with the crescent-shaped guard 

The transition to Iron Age

Hamid Fahimi
The Bronze Age and the Iron Age on the Central Iranian Plateau. Two successive cultures or the appearance of a new culture? 

Conclusion

Jan‑Waalke Meyer, Emmanuelle Vila, Régis Vallet, Marjan Mashkour
The urbanisation of the Iranian Plateau and adjacent areas during the Bronze Age. Concluding thoughts